Throughout your life, you may experience a vaginal yeast infection several times. Though uncomfortable, these infections are common. A vaginal yeast infection is a condition characterized by burning, itching, redness, and a white discharge from the vagina and vulva. Yeast is a type of fungus and candida is a specific type of yeast.
Overview of Vaginal Infections - Women's Health Issues - MSD Manual Consumer Version
A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva — the tissues at the vaginal opening. Also called vaginal candidiasis, vaginal yeast infection affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetimes. Many women experience at least two episodes. A vaginal yeast infection isn't considered a sexually transmitted infection. But, there's an increased risk of vaginal yeast infection at the time of first regular sexual activity.
Infections of your vagina and vulva can cause symptoms such as soreness, itchiness and an unusual vaginal discharge. Getting medical advice as soon as you notice a problem can help to get rid of your infection quickly and prevent complications. Vaginal infections can be caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites or viruses growing in and around your vagina and vulva the area surrounding your vagina. Some of these things normally live in your vagina without causing any problems. But they can grow out of control if the normal healthy conditions in your vagina are disrupted.
In the United States, vaginal infections are one of the most common reasons women see their doctor, accounting for millions of visits each year. Vaginal infections are caused by microorganisms, but women can take precautions, such as wearing loose, absorbent underwear, to reduce their risk of getting infections. Doctors examine a sample of fluids from the vagina or cervix to check for microorganisms that can cause infections. Bacterial vaginosis. Trichomonas vaginitis.