Female-to-male surgery is a type of sex reassignment surgery, which is also called gender affirmation surgery or gender-affirming surgery. In this article, we describe female-to-male gender-affirming surgeries. We also discuss recovery and what to expect from a transgender penis. Before having female-to-male gender-affirming surgery, a person will receive testosterone replacement therapy. A person undergoing surgery to transition from female to male typically has a subcutaneous mastectomy to remove breast tissue. The surgeon will also make alterations to the appearance and position of the nipples.
But are they right? That claim might sound strange. It goes like this:. There are exactly two kinds of people. One kind, men, have a penis, testes, and XY chromosomes, and the other kind, women, have a vulva, uterus, breasts, and XX chromosomes. Everyone is one or the other.
When a child's gender is not clear at birth, the child has atypical genitalia ambiguous genitalia. This means that the genitals don't seem to be clearly male or female. You have 46 chromosomes in each cell of your body. These are grouped into 23 pairs.
Sex reassignment surgery for female-to-male transgender people includes a variety of surgical procedures that alter anatomical traits to provide physical traits more comfortable to the trans man's male identity and functioning. Non-binary people assigned female at birth may also have these surgeries. Often used to refer to phalloplasty , metoidoplasty , or vaginectomy , sex reassignment surgery can also more broadly refer to many procedures an individual may have, such as male chest reconstruction , hysterectomy , or oophorectomy. Sex reassignment surgery is usually preceded by beginning hormone treatment with testosterone. Also called "top surgery", male chest reconstruction is any of a variety of surgeries to remove breast tissue, and provide shaping of a male contoured chest.