Gender confirmation surgery GCS , known clinically as genitoplasty procedures, surgically alter the genitalia. For most patients, GCS is performed to further confirm their genders by aligning it with their desired physical sex characteristics. Gender dysphoria , or experiencing of a lack of alignment between gender and sex, is becoming more widely diagnosed. It is important to note there is controversy around the gender dysphoria diagnosis. Many disapprove of it, noting the diagnosis suggests being transgender is an illness.
Sex reassignment surgery for male-to-female involves reshaping the male genitals into a form with the appearance of, and as far as possible, the function of female genitalia. Before any surgery, patients usually undergo hormone replacement therapy HRT and, depending on the age at which HRT begins, facial hair removal. There are associated surgeries patients may elect to undergo, including vaginoplasty , facial feminization surgery , breast augmentation and various other procedures. Additionally, a growing number of trans people and activists have voiced the opinion that gender confirmation surgery  or gender affirmation surgery [ citation needed ] are much more preferable terms to use, citing its more accurate description of the procedures' intentions and effects. Lili Elbe was the first well-known recipient of male-to-female sex reassignment surgery, in Germany in , the first being Dora Richter. She was the subject of four surgeries: one for orchiectomy , one to transplant an ovary , one for penectomy , and one for vaginoplasty and a uterus transplant.
How Gender Reassignment Surgery Works (Infographic)
Bradley Manning, the U. Army private who was sentenced Aug. Converting male anatomy to female anatomy requires removing the penis, reshaping genital tissue to appear more female and constructing a vagina.
By Sipokazi Fokazi Apr 25, Gender affirmation surgery is not a new phenomenon and has been undertaken by numerous people around the world. Once the assessment has been done the correct hormones can be started. At this stage, the patient in a case of a male to female gender reassignment is counselled about sperm donation, should they wish to have their own genetic children at some point in the future.